Water distributions systems

The project F2AGRI uses five water distribution systems to realise technical measures to enable the reuse of industrial effluent (treated wastewater) for agricultural purposes:

Bavaria uses 2,5 million m³ groundwater per year to brew beer. A total amount of 1,5 million m³ is annualy being discharged on the Goorloop and as such drained out of the region. To prevent a further drying out of the region, effluent will no longer exclusively be discharged on the Goorloop but also on other surface waters surrounding Bavaria to ensure water is kept more locally and can be used by local farmers. 

From now on 500 000 m³/y will be discharged on the Wilheminakanaal. Therefore, water will be transported via an Archimedean screw and pipe to the Wilhelminakanaal. Between the locks ‘Haghorst’, ‘Beek en Donk’ and ‘Helmond’, farmers will be allowed to take water from the Wilhelminakanaal. This water can be used by farmers for irrigation or infiltration into existing ditches. The total volume of water being used by the farmers cannot exceed the volume Bavaria has discharged on the Wilhelminakanaal.

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Bavaria uses 2,5 million m³ groundwater per year to brew beer. A total amount of 1,5 million m³ is annualy being discharged on the Goorloop and as such drained out of the region. To prevent a further drying out of the region, effluent will no longer exclusively be discharged on the Goorloop but also on other surface waters surrounding Bavaria to ensure water is kept more locally and can be used by local farmers. 

The current discharge on the Goorloop will be reduced from 1,5 million m³/y to 375 000 m³/y. Moreover, farmers will be allowed to use water from the Goorloop for irrigation and infiltration in existing ditches. Several take off points will be installed for this. The total volume of water being used by the farmers cannot exceed the volume Bavaria has discharged on the Goorloop.

More info: pictures

Bavaria uses 2,5 million m³ groundwater per year to brew beer. A total amount of 1,5 million m³ is annualy being discharged on the Goorloop and as such drained out of the region. To prevent a further drying out of the region, effluent will no longer exclusively be discharged on the Goorloop but also on other surface waters surrounding Bavaria to ensure water is kept more locally and can be used by local farmers. 

Additionally, controlled drainage will be installed in the soil. Effluent from Bavaria will be transported via an Archimedean screw and subsequently via a pipe be discharged in the drains. Through this subirrigation the groundwater level will be maintained and plants will be able to absorb the water through capillary forces. Currently an experiment on subirrigation is ongoing into which 50 000 m³ is being spread over 10 ha. 

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Bavaria uses 2,5 million m³ groundwater per year to brew beer. A total amount of 1,5 million m³ is annualy being discharged on the Goorloop and as such drained out of the region. To prevent a further drying out of the region, effluent will no longer exclusively be discharged on the Goorloop but also on other surface waters surrounding Bavaria to ensure water is kept more locally and can be used by local farmers. 

In the northern direction of Bavaria, a ditch will be extended. Trees have already been cleared and a diver has been installed to ensure the water can flow under the road. The excess water from the Bavaria ponds flow into the ditch. By extending the ditch, the water can be infiltrated in the dry area. Bavaria will yearly discharge 100 000 m³ in the ditch. 

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Ardo uses annually 600 000 m³ of water for processing vegetables. A total amount of 300 000 m³ is annually being discharged into the Veldbeek. Farmers currently use mostly surface water for the irrigation of vegetable crops. Farmers with fields adjacent to water courses place a reel in the surface water and pump the water directly on the fields. Farmers who do not have access to a water course, get surface water with a dung cart. Farmers sometimes ride in a radius of more than 10 km to pump water from a canal or a reservoir. This movement of water on the road is time consuming for the farmers who have to queue during dry periods to pump water and causes nuisance to the environment in terms of noise and roadside damage.

Around Ardo an underground pipeline network of high pressure will be constructed over an agricultural area of 670 hectares. The effluent of Ardo will be stored in a buffer basin of 110 000 m³ until the crops are in need for water. The pipeline network currently covers 32 km but will be further optimized in terms of the participating farmers. This network will be divided into several blocks so that there could be irrigated simultaneously in the different blocks.

More info: pictures